The CDC says that life expectancy fell by a year and half.
With the Delta variant invading all corners of the United States, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has some more shocking news for the nation. In 2020, life expectancy in the United States fell by a year and a half to 77.3 years. This is the lowest level since 2003 and the steepest one-year decline since World War II when the rate fell 2.9 years between 1942 and 1943.
"Life expectancy has been increasing gradually every year for the past several decades," Elizabeth Arias, a CDC researcher who worked on the report, told Reuters. "The decline between 2019 and 2020 was so large that it took us back to the levels we were in 2003. Sort of like we lost a decade."
CDC attributed about 73.8% of the decline to deaths from the coronavirus pandemic. The agency stated that drug overdoses were also a major contributor. According to CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, deaths from drug overdoses in the United States rose 30 percent in 2020.
CDC's report was based on provisional data from birth and death records throughout 2020. The results not only showed a sharp decline in life expectancy but also gender and racial disparities as well. Disparities in life expectancy between men and women increased in 2020. Women are now expected to live an average of 80.2 years, a decline of 1.2 years from 2019. However, the life expectancy for women is 5.7 years longer than men, who dropped 1.45 years in 2020 to an average life expectancy of 74.5 years. This new rate increased the life expectancy gap between men and women by six months between 2019 and 2020.
The research also discovered that Hispanic Americans saw the largest decline in life expectancy between 2019 and 2020, mostly due to the coronavirus pandemic. According to the report, the average life expectancy for Hispanic Americans decreased three years from 81.8 years to 78.8 years. For Black Americans, life expectancy declined by 2.9 years from 74.7 years to 71.8 years. The decline in life expectancy among Hispanic and Black Americans was significantly larger than for White Americans who decreased 1.2 years from 78.8 years to 77.6 years.
Courtesy of CDC
The last time Black Americans experienced such a steep decline in life expectancy was during the Great Depression. 2020 also marked the largest single-year decline in life expectancy among Hispanic Americans; however, the CDC first started tracking life expectancy among Hispanic Americans in 2006 so the data is not as vast. CDC researchers also reported that 68% of coronavirus-related deaths among Hispanic Americans happened during the second half of 2020, while coronavirus deaths among Black Americans appeared to remain steady throughout the year.
The CDC released provisional data earlier this year that stated the death rate rose by 15.9% from 2019 to 2020, increasing from 715.2 to 828.7 deaths per 100,000 people. According to the report, coronavirus was the third leading cause of death in the United States during 2020. Heart disease and cancer were the first and second leading causes of death, respectfully.
The decline in life expectancy over the past year would have been larger based on CDC's research if it were not for a decrease in cancer deaths that offset the numbers. 2020 also saw a decrease in deaths related to chronic lower respiratory diseases, heart disease, suicide, and perinatal conditions.
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